Brockville was only recently incorporated as a city in 1962. It is in the traditional territory of Wendat, Anishinaabeg and Haudenosaunee Peoples. Brockville is located on the St. Lawrence River, 80 km east of Kingston, and was an important transhipment centre in the past. It is known as the “Gateway to the Thousand Islands.” Brockville was founded as a Loyalist settlement in the late 1700s, and subsequenly grew in population over the following two centuries with the arrival of the railway. Canada’s oldest railway tunnel still runs through Brockville, built in 1854 (from the river underneath the city). The city boasts numerous trails, beaches, parks, and playgrounds, including the very popular Waterfront trail, the Brock trail, the Mac Johnson Wildlife Area, the Thousand Islands Parkway, and many more.