Newmarket is located in York Region, between cottage country and the booming metropolis of Toronto, within the Golden Horseshoe of Southern Ontario. It is consistently named one of the best places to live in Canada. Early settlement came in the form of United States Quakers in the early 1800s, when the Holland River was a historic route of travel between Lake Ontario and Lake Simcoe. This group was disturbed by the violence of the American Revolution and fled to the region. Newmarket later developed an industrial centre in the late 19th century as the Northern Railway of Canada extended through its downtown area. The Main Street (Water Street) highlights much of this historic architecture and has been designated a Heritage Conservation District. This history can also be explored at the Elman W. Campbell Museum. To escape the city, visit the many parks and recreation areas nearby, notably the beautiful Fairy Lake Conservation Area. There are many green spaces open year-round with covered pavillions, playgrounds, and walking trails, making Fairly Lake perfect for picnics, family outings, and bike rides. The conservation area is also a popular venue for weddings and community festivals.